The word tattoo comes from the Polynesian “tatau” which literally means beating or branding and indicates the tap of the stick the needle to pierce the skin. The introduction of this Polynesian term is attributed to Captain James Cook in his diary that described the technique of tattooing indigenous Polynesians. Since then tatau then derived the English word tattoo. The tattoo is now evidence that has very ancient origins: it was found in a cave in France a very sharp awl made from a reindeer bone that was probably used for tattooing during the Upper Paleolithic. Archaeological excavations have unearthed remains of tattooed men and women lived up to 6000 years ago, people belonging to the South American, North American Eskimos, Siberian, Chinese, Egyptians and even Italian. Who is tattooed, it accounted marks on the body that had to communicate a message to those who saw them. The tattoo could communicate that the wearer was a king, noble, brave, a warrior or a slave or a criminal, or that belonged to a religious sect, an army, a political group, a cultural movements and so on. The tattoo then, was seen as a way to beautify the body, to become more beautiful. In tribal societies were the kings and nobles to have tattoos or commonly the rich, those who could afford it; the tattoo artists were treated with great respect and rewarded handsomely for their work. The Egyptians used them during the funeral ceremonies, the Legionaries in Rome tattooed on his arm the name of their general or emperor and the date of their engagement as they were instead marked by infamy deserters, prisoners and slaves. The Celts worshiped as gods even animals such as the bull, boar, cat, birds and fish, and as a sign of devotion he traced the symbols on the skin. The Britons, whose name derives from “brith” (paint) did not wear any other clothes that cloaks made from the fur of wild beasts and incisions were made on the body of various shapes and forms that you fill with juice of those dark, gave them a Non hue that are ever obliterated. Among the early Christians was very widespread custom to tattoo a tau shape of the cross of Christ, on the front. The Turks tattooed religious symbols to secure burial in consecrated ground. Then up to the stories and dispatches of James Cook tattooing disappeared from Europe in the aftermath of a Papal Bull which forbade the spread. At the time of Cook was born the modern tattoo western sailors were tattooed on their travels in the East, learned the techniques, began to tattoo each other and within a few years in all the major European and American ports you could find a tattoo shop. So hand in hand tattooing became increasingly known and appreciated up to the present day where it is now possible to find different techniques to get tattooed and what we like in any part of the body.
The history of tattoos